Krydom: 暁の水平线に胜利を刻むのです

ソロモンの悪夢、見せてあげる!

@krydom2年前

01/22
22:03
LCA

[bzoj 4390] Usaco2015dec Max Flow

00:00/00:00

♦♦♦♦♦♦   Description   ♦♦♦♦♦♦

Farmer John has installed a new system of N−1 pipes to transport milk between the N stalls in his barn (2≤N≤50,000), conveniently numbered 1…N. Each pipe connects a pair of stalls, and all stalls are connected to each-other via paths of pipes.
FJ is pumping milk between KK pairs of stalls (1≤K≤100,000). For the iith such pair, you are told two stalls sisi and titi, endpoints of a path along which milk is being pumped at a unit rate. FJ is concerned that some stalls might end up overwhelmed with all the milk being pumped through them, since a stall can serve as a waypoint along many of the KK paths along which milk is being pumped. Please help him determine the maximum amount of milk being pumped through any stall. If milk is being pumped along a path from sisi to titi, then it counts as being pumped through the endpoint stalls sisi and titi, as well as through every stall along the path between them.

给定一棵有N个点的树,所有节点的权值都为0。

有K次操作,每次指定两个点s,t,将s到t路径上所有点的权值都加一。

请输出K次操作完毕后权值最大的那个点的权值。

♦♦♦♦♦♦   Input   ♦♦♦♦♦♦

The first line of the input contains NN and KK.
The next N−1 lines each contain two integers x and y (x≠y,x≠y) describing a pipe between stalls x and y.
The next K lines each contain two integers ss and t describing the endpoint stalls of a path through which milk is being pumped.

♦♦♦♦♦♦   Output   ♦♦♦♦♦♦

An integer specifying the maximum amount of milk pumped through any stall in the barn.

♦♦♦♦♦♦   Sample Input   ♦♦♦♦♦♦

5 10
3 4
1 5
4 2
5 4
5 4
5 4
3 5
4 3
4 3
1 3
3 5
5 4
1 5
3 4

♦♦♦♦♦♦   Sample Output   ♦♦♦♦♦♦

9

♦♦♦♦♦♦   Hint   ♦♦♦♦♦♦

♦♦♦♦♦♦   题解  ♦♦♦♦♦♦

和JLOI2014 松鼠的新家 [bzoj 3631] 这道题差不多 。也是用的树上差分的思想。对于每一个(x,y)的覆盖,a[x]++,a[y]++,a[lca(x,y)]--,a[fa[lca(x,y)]]--,那么一个节点最后的结果就是以它为根的子树的权值和。

c++:

 

pascal:

 

[bzoj 4390] Usaco2015dec Max Flow